Therapeutic management of in-stent thrombosis after thoracic endovascular aortic repair for blunt thoracic aortic injury in a coronavirus disease 2019 patient
A 27-year-old man underwent thoracic endovascular aortic repair for blunt thoracic aortic injury. Fourteen months later, he presented with intermittent paraplegia, congestive heart failure, and a decline of kidney function as a result of high-grade aortic stenosis caused by in-stent thrombosis. He had a concurrent infection with coronavirus disease 2019. The patient was successfully treated using axillofemoral bypass, followed by stent relining 2 weeks later. The possible risk factors and the optimal therapeutic approach for in-stent thrombosis remain unknown, because only a limited number of cases describing this rare complication have been reported.
The association between sarcopenia and adverse outcomes after complex endovascular aortic repair
Sarcopenia is identified as a predictive factor for adverse outcomes after complex endovascular aortic repair (complex EVAR). Consensus on preferred parameters for sarcopenia is not yet reached. The current study compares three CT-assessed parameters on their association with adverse outcomes after complex EVAR.
Diagnostic accuracy of the maximal systolic acceleration to detect peripheral arterial disease
Diagnosing peripheral arterial disease (PAD) can be challenging owing to medial arterial calcification (MAC) in patients with diabetes mellitus (DM) and chronic kidney disease (CKD). Current bedside tests, such as the ankle-brachial index and toe-brachial index, are often insufficient. The maximal systolic acceleration (ACC) is a velocimetric Doppler-derived parameter and could be a new promising test in the diagnostic workup of these patients. The primary aim of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic performance of the ACC to detect PAD.
Chronic Limb-Threatening Ischemia: When is Enough Enough?
Increased Aortic Exclusion in Endovascular Treatment of Complex Aortic Aneurysms
Perioperative risk assessments for complex aneurysms are based on the anatomical extent of the aneurysm and do not take the length of the aortic exclusion into account, as it was developed for open repair. Nevertheless, in the endovascular repair (ER) of complex aortic aneurysms, additional segments of healthy aorta are excluded compared with open repair (OR). The aim of this study was to assess differences in aortic exclusion between the ER and OR of complex aortic aneurysms, to subsequently assess the current classification for complex aneurysm repair.