Editorial: Inflammation and immunomodulation in cardiovascular remodeling
Exploring the Effects of Human Bone Marrow-Derived Mononuclear Cells on Angiogenesis In Vitro
Cell therapies involving the administration of bone marrow-derived mononuclear cells (BM-MNCs) for patients with chronic limb-threatening ischemia (CLTI) have shown promise; however, their overall effectiveness lacks evidence, and the exact mechanism of action remains unclear. In this study, we examined the angiogenic effects of well-controlled human bone marrow cell isolates on endothelial cells. The responses of endothelial cell proliferation, migration, tube formation, and aortic ring sprouting were analyzed in vitro, considering both the direct and paracrine effects of BM cell isolates. Furthermore, we conducted these investigations under both normoxic and hypoxic conditions to simulate the ischemic environment. Interestingly, no significant effect on the angiogenic response of human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) following treatment with BM-MNCs was observed. This study fails to provide significant evidence for angiogenic effects from human bone marrow cell isolates on human endothelial cells. These in vitro experiments suggest that the potential benefits of BM-MNC therapy for CLTI patients may not involve endothelial cell angiogenesis.
Short-term Pre-operative Methionine Restriction Induces Browning of Perivascular Adipose Tissue and Improves Vein Graft Remodeling in Mice
Short-term preoperative methionine restriction (MetR) shows promise as a translatable strategy to modulate the body's response to surgical injury. Its application, however, to improve post-interventional vascular remodeling remains underexplored. Here, we find that MetR protects from arterial intimal hyperplasia in a focal stenosis model and adverse vascular remodeling after vein graft surgery. RNA sequencing reveals that MetR enhances the brown adipose tissue phenotype in arterial perivascular adipose tissue (PVAT) and induces it in venous PVAT. Specifically, PPAR-α was highly upregulated in PVAT-adipocytes. Furthermore, MetR dampens the post-operative pro-inflammatory response to surgery in PVAT-macrophages and . This study shows for the first time that the detrimental effects of dysfunctional PVAT on vascular remodeling can be reversed by MetR, and identifies pathways involved in browning of PVAT. Furthermore, we demonstrate the potential of short-term pre-operative MetR as a simple intervention to ameliorate vascular remodeling after vascular surgery.
Role of LCN2 in a murine model of hindlimb ischemia and in peripheral artery disease patients, and its potential regulation by miR-138-5P
Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) is a leading cause of morbimortality worldwide. Lipocalin-2 (LCN2) has been associated with higher risk of amputation or mortality in PAD and might be involved in muscle regeneration. Our aim is to unravel the role of LCN2 in skeletal muscle repair and PAD.
Non-coding RNAs versus protein biomarkers to diagnose and differentiate acute stroke: Systematic review and meta-analysis
Stroke diagnosis is dependent on lengthy clinical and neuroimaging assessments, while rapid treatment initiation improves clinical outcome. Currently, more sensitive biomarker assays of both non-coding RNA- and protein biomarkers have improved their detectability, which could accelerate stroke diagnosis. This systematic review and meta-analysis compares non-coding RNA- with protein biomarkers for their potential to diagnose and differentiate acute stroke (subtypes) in (pre-)hospital settings.